As a result of their definition of Turkey's economic structure as capitalist, the MKP with the Third Congress abandons their traditional views also on positioning of classes. The Congress Documents ascribes the proletariat the role of leadership and fundamental force and places the national bourgeoisie behind the capital groups as an auxiliary force of the counter-revolutionary front. According to the Congress, the national bourgeoisie has lost its national character. In the Congress Documents, the scope of the popular classes is composed of the proletariat, the semi-proletariat, and the urban and rural petty bourgeoisie and the scope of enemies of people is composed of the multinational monopoly owners, the comprador big bourgeoisie, and the rural-urban bourgeoisie, supplemented by a small number of middle bourgeoisie and even a smaller number of the landlords class.
The Documents state the following in terms of the character of the revolution: "Our revolution is a socialist revolution, which takes form according to the socio-economic structure relations and overtakes the tasks of democratic revolution. As for the path of the revolution, it is socialist people's war." (p.91) At a further point, the following is added: "The socialist revolution is realized through the means of socialist people's war against the ruling comprador monopoly bourgeoisie, which is depended on imperialism, waged by the proletariat as the vanguard and fundamental force, with the petty-bourgeois sectors of urban and rural areas as allies." (p. 94)